samedi 30 décembre 2006

"Comment devient-on homosexuel ou hétérosexuel ?"


On ne naît pas homo ou hétéro, on le devient", telle est la thèse conduite par Stéphane Clerget pour qui "nos préférences sexuelles, et leurs combinaisons dans une orientation hétéro ou homosexuelle, sont le fruit d’une évolution personnelle progressive. Elles s’acquièrent." Pour autant, Stéphane Clerget qui est médecin (chercheur et clinicien) ne conteste pas qu’une part de "l’innée existe" car "en amont de notre histoire individuelle, nous avons une préhistoire, représentée par notre capital physique et génétique." Mais, rajoute l’auteur : "nos préférences sexuelles, notre identité sexuelle s’affirment, pour l’essentiel, au fil de notre évolution personnelle". L’auteur en veut pour preuve que toutes les tentatives d’expliquer l’origine de l’homosexualité par la génétique ou la biologie ont échoué. Bien que médecin, Stéphane Clerget a compris qu’il y avait danger à n’enfermer son propos que du seul point de vue médical. Aussi a-t-il pris soin de l’élargir à d’autres disciplines : histoire, sociologie, éthologie, sociobiologie, l’anthropologie, etc. C’est d’ailleurs une des grandes qualités de l’ouvrage que de proposer une approche pluridisciplinaire de cette question montrant ainsi la variété des explications possibles et la complexité d’un phénomène : la détermination de l’orientation sexuelle. Du coup, les explications psychologisantes (père absent, mère dominatrice) cèdent le pas à des affirmations plus convaincantes et innovantes. Humain dans son approche (l’auteur affiche un net respect des homosexuels), cet essai est particulièrement bien construit et bien conduit. Il laisse cependant une très (trop) grande place au discours psychanalytique dont depuis les travaux de Didier Eribon, on connaît les limites et les défauts.

Stéphane Clerget, "Comment devient-on homosexuel ou hétérosexuel ?", éditions Jean-Claude Lattès.

58 commentaires:

cortisole a dit…

bonjour je suis sénégalais et j'aimerais en faite vous dire que je ne croie pas que la question homo soi inné
moi je suis gay et j'ai toujours cherché a comprendre pourquoi moi et pas mon frère
il est exacte que ma mère est dominatrice et que mon père était constamment absent parce il est polygame
et avec votre commentaire que je vient de lire je me comprend mieux
mais s'acharner a chercher pourquoi est on gay ne sert vraiment pas a grand chose mais plutôt comment faire pour l'éviter a l'avenir
parce que c'est une vie maudite franchement
aussi il faudrait faire savoir au gens qu'être gay ne veut vraiment pas dire qu'on doit coucher avec des mecs a en plus finir
certes il est difficile de ce contrôler mais quand on est compris et aider a vivre etant different des autres on a plus de force pour supporter le poids et ne pas ceder a la tentation

Anonyme a dit…

D'accord avec cortisole

Anonyme a dit…

Quand les chercheurs comprendront que l'homosexualité et l'hétérosexualité ne sont qu'une seule et unique sexualité, ils auront fait un grand pas en avant. Les deux formes de sexualité existent au moins à l'état latent chez tous les individus, l'orientation sexuelle plus d'un côté que d'un autre est due au vécu de diverses situations dans la petite enfance, l'enfance, l'adolescence et l'âge adulte pour certains, il existe autant d'homosexuels vrais que d'hétérosexuels vrais (5 % pour chaque groupe, estimation personnelle non vérifiée scientifiquement) le reste est plus ou moins hétéro ou homo, les deux sexualités sont multiformes, chacun à une sexualité qui lui est propre, ne pas oublier que la sexualité est à la base de la vie sociale de tous les animaux, y compris l'espèce humaine.

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